Rolling back yum transactions

Ever had the system update a package, which winds up breaking the most random things? How can you roll back? How can you prevent that same buggy package from updating itself again the next time the system checks for updates, yet still get newer versions of that package when its released?

I ran across something like this recently. The symptom was that PHPMyAdmin was no longer working on this LAMP server. In short, it was found that an Apache update was to blame, which was found in this bug report:

So how can the update to Apache be rolled back? First, try to confirm that Apache was indeed updated recently:

[root@web01 ~]# tail /var/log/yum.log
Jul 08 04:23:49 Updated: httpd24u-filesystem-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.noarch
Jul 08 04:23:49 Updated: httpd24u-tools-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64
Jul 08 04:23:50 Updated: httpd24u-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64
Jul 08 04:23:50 Updated: 1:httpd24u-mod_ssl-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64

Now find the transaction ID within yum by running:

[root@web01 ~]# yum history
ID     | Login user               | Date and time    | Action(s)      | Altered
   220 | root               | 2017-07-08 04:23 | Update         |    4

View the details of this transaction by running:

[root@web01 ~]# yum history info 220
Transaction performed with:
    Installed     rpm-4.8.0-55.el6.x86_64                       @centos6-x86_64
    Installed     yum-3.2.29-81.el6.centos.noarch               @centos6-x86_64
    Installed     yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64       @anaconda-CentOS-201410241409.x86_64/6.6
    Installed     yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-40.el6.noarch @centos6-x86_64
    Installed     yum-rhn-plugin-2.4.6-1.el6.noarch             @spacewalk
Packages Altered:
    Updated httpd24u-2.4.25-4.ius.centos6.x86_64            @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Update           2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64            @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Updated httpd24u-filesystem-2.4.25-4.ius.centos6.noarch @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Update                      2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.noarch @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Updated httpd24u-mod_ssl-1:2.4.25-4.ius.centos6.x86_64  @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Update                   1:2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64  @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Updated httpd24u-tools-2.4.25-4.ius.centos6.x86_64      @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
    Update                 2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64      @rackspace-centos6-x86_64-ius
history info

To roll back the updates, getting us back to Apache 2.4.25 in this case, simple undo the transaction by running:

[root@web01 ~]# yum history undo 220

Then confirm Apache is back to the previous version 2.4.25:

[root@web01 ~]# rpm -qa |grep -i httpd24u

Next, restart Apache so the changes take place:

[root@web01 ~]# service httpd restart

Finally, exclude the buggy packages from ever being installed again. In this example, Apache 2.4.26 will never be installed, however any newer versions released after that will install/update normally.

[root@web01 ~]# yum install yum-plugin-versionlock
[root@web01 ~]# yum versionlock add! httpd24u-mod_ssl-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64 httpd24u-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64 httpd24u-tools-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.x86_64 httpd24u-filesystem-2.4.26-1.ius.centos6.noarch